The Top 10 vitamins for Good Health
The Top 10 vitamins for Good Health. Vitamins are the most important building to blocks of our lives. Without vitamins goes nothing: We humans get sick and sicker – Vitamin deficiency can even lead to death. What are vitamins, why our bodies need, we find enough vitamins in our food, what happens if we have a lack of vitamins, it is sufficient if we eat a lot of fruit?
We find out the top 10 vitamins For Good Health that we need daily. We have to take most of the vitamins in the diet that they cannot make it our body. Vitamins strengthen our immune system; they prevent diseases before they are important for our metabolic systems and many body functions. Vitamins need newborns and the elderly. When we are under stress, exposed to great physical strains, then we need more vitamins. We need vitamins just as an embryo in the womb – for example, the vitamin folic acid.
Top Ten vitamins Names
Vitamin A: Help for the eyes
You can see well at dusk and even at night? Then you owe a balanced vitamin A budget. Because Vitamin A and its precursors ensure that you can see well even in dim light. And very important: This vitamin helps protect you from the dreaded night blindness. It is also an important protective factor against the sunlight and UV light and to regulate bone growth. An adult needs per day approximately 0.8 to 1 milligram of vitamin A. For this you need 100g carrots (with oil or fat) eat. One hundred grams of chicken meat have 4 milligrams, 100g beef liver 7.5 milligrams.
The lack of vitamin A, you can easily recognize: infections, dry skin, hair loss, blurred vision with night blindness or exhaustion are the consequences.
Vitamin Biotin: The beautifier
Botin is responsible for many important metabolic processes. Particularly well known is that it makes beautiful hair and beautiful skin. Botin, we eat with liver, egg yolk, oatmeal, carrots and peanuts. As an adult, it takes 30 to 60 micrograms per day, children only 10 to 35 micrograms. Biotin deficiency is manifested by skin inflammation, hair loss, loss of appetite, nausea or even depression. Since biotin is found in nearly all foods, it is rare to vitamin deficiency.
Vitamin B1: Anemia Preventative
Vitamin B1: Provides energy and important for the formation of chemical messengers of the nervous system and blood formation. Per day the man between 0.6 and 1.4 milligrams needs (adult). When it comes to lack of vitamin B1, disturbances of glucose metabolism, anemia, fatigue, increased irritability, nervous disorders or heart failure may develop. That’s the good vitamin B1 supplier per 100 grams: soybeans (0.4 mg), yeast (1 mg), sunflower seeds (1.9 mg) or wheat germ (2 mg).
This vitamin is also known as pyridoxine and plays a crucial role in the construction of proteins, sugar metabolism and blood formation. To stay healthy we need from vitamin B6 daily between 1 to 1.5 milligrams. The lack of Vitamin B6 you can easily recognize: loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, skin infections, Anemia and nervous system disorders. With proper nutrition, it cannot come to such a vitamin deficiency actually. In these foods, there is Vitamin B6: In 100 g in potatoes (0.3 mg), mackerel (0.6 mg), Sardine (1 mg), soybeans (1 mg) or wheat germ (4 mg).
Vitamin B12: Most important for blood formation
Also, this vitamin (Cobalamin) has different roles: It is important for blood formation, cell division and the nervous system. Children need about 2 micrograms per day, up to 3 adults and nursing mothers 4 micrograms. These foods are in per 100g including: Quark 0.9 micrograms, soft cheese with a high fat content 2-3 micrograms, mackerel and herring 9-10 micrograms, 40 micrograms porcine liver. Barley in a deficiency of vitamin B12 is then disturbed blood formation, it may come to anemia. Outer nerves are disturbed and there is an increased risk of dementia.
Vitamin C: Our most important immune protection
With vitamin C (ascorbic acid) to protect our cells from harmful free radicals. It intercepts them and renders them harmless. It aids in the absorption of iron in the intestine, it is important for the connective tissue, bone formation and the cholesterol metabolism. An adult needs about 100 milligrams, pregnant women and nursing mothers up to 150 milligrams and 150 milligrams of smoking also. A lack of vitamin C is manifested by susceptibility to infections, bleeding gums and tooth loss, weakness of the connective tissue, small ecchymosed, joint inflammation or muscle wasting. In 100 grams of the following foods more vitamin C plug-quantities: calf liver (40 mg), lemon (50 mg), Kiwi (80 mg), peppers (100 mg), parsley (150 mg), Rosehip has tremendous 1200 mg. But who eats 100 grams of rose hips on the day.
Vitamin D: For Healthy bones and hard
Our bones need to keep the whole of life – and much to endure. You have to be tough and durable. For this we need the vitamin D. This ensures that muscles and nerves work well. Normally, vitamin D is formed by the skin when exposed to sunlight. That is the age required in pregnancy and during lactation. The daily requirement is 20 micrograms. The following foods contain per 100g: 3 micrograms cheese, 5 micrograms egg, 10 micrograms sardine, 18 micrograms of salmon, eel and cod liver oil 25 micrograms legendary 3800 micrograms. If there is a deficiency, the consequences are: osteoporosis, susceptibility to infections and muscle weakness.
Vitamin E: The skin and nervous system
Vitamin E is an important aid for the immune system: It intercepts free radicals and destroys them. Moreover, it plays an important role in the metabolism, in the nervous system, wherein the function of the gonads and the regeneration of the skin. Pro Tg need for women and children 8 to 12 milligrams of vitamin E, 15 milligrams of men and breastfeeding 17 milligrams. So much vitamin E is in these foods: egg (6 mg), peanut (8.8 mg), sunflower seeds (38 mg), olive oil (200 mg), wheat germ oil up to 2500 mg. These are the signs of a vitamin E deficiency: dry, wrinkled skin, rapid physical and mental fatigue, impaired wound healing and an increased risk of atherosclerosis.
Vitamin K: So that the blood coagulates
If the bleeding does not work, it can have serious consequences. Often a vitamin deficiency is the cause: Vitamin K is not present in sufficient extent. The daily requirement: Children 10 micrograms per one kilogram of body weight, 65 micrograms women, 80 micrograms men. The following symptoms indicate a deficiency of vitamin K: increased bleeding and intracranial bleeding. In 100g, 790 micrograms contained in the 190 White beans, 300 in chickens, 400 spinach, 600 cress and parsley.
Folic Acid: The Vitamin of the genes
This vitamin plays an important role in the development of the genetic material DNA. Well for growth and multiplication of cells, the development of the nervous system and blood formation. The daily requirement is in the first year of life at 60 to 80 micrograms, in infants at 200 to 300 micrograms, children and adults need 400 micrograms, 600 micrograms for pregnant and breastfeeding. Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy can cause serious harm to the development of the nervous system in the embryo. Therefore, pregnant women must necessarily ensure that there is no lack of vitamin folic acid. The foods contain per 100g of folic acid: Chive (80 micrograms), sunflower seeds (100 micrograms), egg (130 micrograms), bovine liver (225 micrograms) and chicken liver (390 micrograms).