Lyme Disease Symptoms In Children
Lyme Disease Symptoms In Children: The Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi or related Borrelia from the group of spirochetes is triggered. The disease may different organs in each different stages and manifestations concern, especially the skin, the nervous system and the joints. Infection with Borrelia burgdorferi is the people and at different mammals and birds before. The infection is usually more of a reservoir host on ticks as the commons Holzbock (Ixodes ricinus) as intermediaries (vector).
The term Lyme disease is made up of the name of the American town Lyme, where the disease discovered in 1975 described by increased incidence of arthritis associated with tick bites first, and of the designation of the exciting family who after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel is named.
Borrelia are Gram-negative spiral bacteria and belong to the family of spirochetes. Causative agent of Lyme disease are the species Borrelia burgdorferi, B. garinii, B. afzelii and B. spielmanii.
Common symptoms of Lyme disease in children
- Nausea, abdominal pain
- impaired concentration
- poor short-term memory
- Attention Deficit Disorder
- Thought and speech difficulties
- Problems Reading and Writing
- flashy, previously not observable behavior
- violent mood swings
- Fever, chills
- Joint pain
- Depth exhaustion that does not pass by sleeping
What Lyme disease Symptoms symptoms do occur?
The disease is typically in three phases (see below) that are associated with different complaints. However, the three stages must not be passed through. You can severe, mild and occur in a different order. The diagnosis is not always easy.
Often also the patient suffering from ambiguous general symptoms such as fatigue, night sweats, fever or unspecific joint and muscle pain, eligible for other causes in question. Then it is important to interpret blood tests correctly and not be too hasty to go out of the diagnosis of (neuro) disease.
The Lyme disease can manifest itself in numerous places in the body, especially on the skin, the nervous system, the joints and the heart. The disease can become chronic, but caused even not always lasting symptoms. Are sometimes long symptom-free intervals between individual stages of the disease.
Lyme Disease Symptoms In Children Pictures
1st phase of Lyme disease – skin infection
Often up to about four weeks forms at the site of the tick bite after a few days of a typical redness. It is usually defined circular and sharp. As a rule, their diameter is larger gradually, the center is paler. Because the lesion spreads in this characteristic shape, it is also migrans (erythema migrans). The migrans is a clear indication of Lyme disease. However, it is lacking in every other case.
Other symptoms include fever , conjunctivitis , headache, muscle and joint complaints. A rapid treatment is particularly important in this stage of disease. The sooner the disease is treated, the easier it is to prevent a chronic course.
2nd phase of the Lyme disease – spread in the organism
After about one to six months, the pathogens have spread in the body. If the nervous system infected (acute neuroborreliosis), pain in the propagation area individual nerves or paralysis may occur, for example, the paralysis of a facial nerve (Bell’s palsy). Also sensory disturbances occur. More rarely occurs meningitis (meningitis) or inflammation of the brain ( encephalitis ) with fever, headache and neck pain on. The pathogens can also drag the heart affected, which may be in the form of cardiac arrhythmia is noticeable.
3rd phase of Lyme disease – chronic stage
Late symptoms may be adjusted in rare cases for months to years. They will relate mainly joints, skin and nervous system. Most commonly the knee joints – – and pain (Lyme arthritis) typically, one or a few joints become inflamed. The symptoms may persist or occur in spurts.
Especially the arms and legs sometimes changes the skin becomes thinner and turns bluish (acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans).
Even a chronic brain and spinal cord inflammation (chronic neuroborreliosis) with paralysis is a possible late symptom of the disease.
Lyme disease can develop in the worst case to a chronic disease. An existing for years Lyme Arthitis or paralysis are often distressing for sufferers. Self-help groups for people who suffer from the consequences of a Borrelia infection, advice, assistance and the mutual exchange offer.